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Osteoporosis: Help Reduce the Risk

Osteoporosis: Help Reduce the Risk

The prevalence of inadequate calcium intake is higher amongst females than males. Osteoporosis is a disease characterised by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue, leading to bone fragility. It often progresses without symptoms until a fracture occurs, usually in the hip, spine or wrist.

Osteoporosis generally affects middle-aged and the elderly, especially those with a family history of bone fragility.

It isn't just women.

That's right—Osteoporosis Australia states, both men and women may have certain ‘risk factors’ that can make them more likely to develop osteoporosis. People should discuss risk factors with their doctor, and anyone over 50 with risk factors may require a bone density scan.

Women have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. Women experience a rapid decline in oestrogen levels during menopause. When oestrogen levels decrease, bones lose calcium and other minerals at a faster rate. Testosterone levels in men decline gradually and as a result, their bone mass may remain adequate till later in life1

The good news? Everyone can take steps to decrease their chances of getting osteoporosis.

Eating a well-balanced diet, avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption, consuming adequate calcium and vitamin D from diet and supplements if needed. Doing weight-bearing exercises, walking, jogging, hiking and dancing may also help reduce your chances of developing osteoporosis.

It's never too late to make a positive change for your health.

If you're in your 30s, having adequate calcium in your diet is especially important because bone mass peaks in your late 20s and 30s. The calcium in Caltrate can help support bone health at these age groups. Caltrate is not recommended for use under 18 years old.

References: 
1. Osteoporosis Australia (2015)., risk factors. Available at:http://www.osteoporosis.org.au/risk-factors[Accessed 20 January 2016]